An A-Z Guide To The Search For Plato's Atlantis
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Interpretation (L)

Interpretation, which deals with the spoken word, obviously preceded translation which is concerned with the written word and could only have followed the development and spread of literacy. Interpretation in ancient Egypt goes back to 3000BC when we find the earliest hieroglyphic for ‘interpreter’(a). J.V. Luce informs us[120.23] that one of the Saite pharaohs, Psammetichus I (c.664-610 BC), established a school for interpreters, which possibly had its services availed of by Solon during his visit there.

(a) http://lrc.wfu.edu/community_interpreting/pages/history.htm