Lacedaemon and Laconia were the ancient names for a city state centred on Sparta, whose name eventually superseded theirs. Lacedaemon is the preferred location of Atlantis of Dr Theodore Spyropoulos (1938- ), a Greek archaeologist, who is author of a three-volume work entitled Lacedaemon. He was one of the archaeologists who discovered the ruins of Akrotiri on Santorini in 1967.
In 2007 he was took part in the excavations at Pellana(c), now a village 27km north of Sparta. Spyropoulos believes that Pellana was the Mycenaean capital of Lyconia mentioned by Homer. In June 2014 he published two short papers(a)(b) on the Ancient Origins website arguing for Lacedaemon as the location of Plato’s Atlantis. In his own words
“There is a vast bibliography about Atlantis, but the modern scholarship concluded that to locate Atlantis and to prove the validity of its identification, four points of agreement must be met and generally accepted. (See E.Bloedow. ‘Fire and Flood from Heaven: Was Atlantis at Troy?’ La Parola del Passato 48, 1993, pp.109-160
- Atlantis was an island.
- It lay beyond the “Pillars of Hercules”.
- It was larger than Asia and Libya together.
- Its destruction (sinking) produced a barrier of impassable mud.
These four prerequisites are completely fulfilled in the case of Lacedaemon.”
I would have expected something more convincing from an academic, considering the range of other details on offer in Plato’s narrative. For example Atlantis attacked from their base in the west (Tim.25b & Crit.114c), not something that could be attributed to Lacedaemon or that Egypt was attacked by Lacedaemon.