R.K. & Martini Fisher are the authors of Time Maps, in which they outline the chronology of human development. They touch briefly on the subject of Atlantis and concluded that if Plato’s date of 9600 BC for its demise is correct, then Spartel Island would be the best candidate for its location.
P.P. Flambas is the author of Plato’s Caribbean Atlantis. The self-explanatory title makes Dr. Flambas’ objective clear. The book was published in Australia and is a hefty 932 pages and is also available as a Kindle ebook. The book is so enormous that a full critique would require another book.
In my opinion, the book has many flaws and is just a case of quantity masquerading as quality. One of my first gripes is that the author places Atlantis in the 10th millennium BC, a period during which there is NO archaeological evidence for any structured societies in either Egypt or Athens.
Even more ridiculous is his suggestion that the Atlantean Empire was centred in the Caribbean and included what are now the U.S. states around the Gulf of Mexico, all of MesoAmerica and all the countries along the northern coast of South America. Then realising that Plato had also described Atlantean territory that included parts of Europe and North Africa, Flanbas added them as well for good measure. Flambas accepts that the Atlantean territory included parts of Europe and North Africa but that, apparently unknown to Plato, the capital of this empire was in the Caribbean! I don’t find that credible, but readers will have to decide for themselves.
Eleven millennia later Europe could not keep control of its American colonies even with improved navigation, vessels and weaponry, so how did his Caribbean Atlantis manage the control its European territory?
Furthermore, Flambas is incorrect in saying that Plato noted that part of Atlantean territory extended as far as the Tyrrhenian Sea, in fact, he said that they controlled as far as Tyrrhenia (Timaeus 25b & Critias 114c), in other words they held part of southern Italy. Even without that, if parts of the Western Mediterranean had been occupied by Atlanteans from the Caribbean, it is hard to believe that some knowledge of the existence of the Americas was not well known throughout the whole Mediterranean region, sailors not being known as the most tight-lipped people. But Flambas claims that this knowledge was not available to Europeans until Columbus, eleven thousands years.
Flambas has a large section on empires and their development through the occupation of contiguous territory, which I fully agree with, yet he proposes that these ancient Atlanteans preferred to expand across the wild Atlantic to colonise the Mediterranean rather than the easier option of pushing either north into North America or south into the equally valuable South America with shorter supply lines. Expansion across the Atlantic makes no sense.
On a more positive note, as a layman, I think that Dr. Flambas has done creditable original work with his “Hydraulic Hypothesis” which relates to a modification of our view of Plate Tectonics. The extensive geological research carried out by him is admirable, but for me, his attempt to link it with Plato’s story of Atlantis is just a speculation too far.
Finally, his book is well illustrated, but to produce a volume of this size without an index is unforgivable. I was also disappointed to find that much of Flambas’ Chronology of Atlantis Theories was copied from this site, including errors, without any attribution!
Red-Haired people constitute 1-2% of the human population and are today to be found most frequently in northern and western Europe with their greatest numbers in Scotland.
In the very distant past, red hair has been depicted in ancient Egypt, red-haired people have been featured in the mythologies of both the Americas, where many red-haired mummies have been found. 4,000-year-old red-haired Caucasian mummies have been found as far as western China, highlighted by Elizabeth Wayland Barber in The Mummies of Ürümchi.
A website(d) dedicated to the subject of red hair has some strange stories to relate including the claim(e) that red hair is evidence of an Atlantean Diaspora!
Lara Lamberti, the French actress and author, has written a series of articles(a,b,c) in which she endeavours to link a red-haired race with Atlantis!
Andreas Vergottis (1961- ) was born in Greece, schooled in Athens, followed by further education in the UK at the LSE and City University Business School, London. He is currently head of research with a fund management company.
As an amateur archaeologist and student of Homer, he has now written a book with the intriguing objective of demonstrating that:
“Lost Atlantis = Homeric Ithaca = Sea Peoples centre = Kefalonia”.
The book will be available in English and Greek and any publication developments will be posted here. In the meantime there is more information on his Facebook page.
Marilyn Luongo is a South African entrepreneur involved in social projects there(b). Her website has an unexpected section dealing with the history of the Middle East(a) of which the second half involves a review of Plato’s Atlantis account. She attempts to link Mesopotamia with Atlantis, beginning with locating the ‘Pillars of Heracles’ at the Strait of Hormuz and then using the highly controversial interpretation of ‘meizon‘ meaning ‘between’ rather than ‘greater’ she proceeds to argue that Mesopotamia is ‘between’ Asia and Libya and therefore is the home of Atlantis!
Alan Baker (1964- ) is an English author with a mixed output of both non-fiction as well as some fiction. His chief interest would appear to be historical mysteries, which led to the publication of The Enigmas of History. This book touches on a number of subjects covered on this site; Noah‘s Deluge, Stonhenge, Amazons and, of course, Atlantis. He briefly discusses a few of the more popular theories; Bimini, Thera, and the Atlantic, but arrives at no firm conclusion, although he appears sympathetic to its existence. In his Destination Earth he delves into the disappearance of Percy Fawcett and the mysteries relating to South America.
Isaac La Peyrére (1596-1676) was a French philosopher and diplomat. Although brought up a Calvinist he was later forced to convert to Catholicism. His theological interests centred on the idea that Adam was not the first human, an viewpoint he expressed in Prae-Adamitae. He argued that there must have been two creations; first the creation of the gentiles and later that of Adam, as father of the Hebrews. He also cited Plato’s 9,000 years for Atlantis existing before Solon as adding justification for his theory.
It was the publication of his Pre-Adamite book, denounced as heretical, which led him to his enforced coversion to Catholicism. Some of his ideas are widely accepted today(a).
Dr. László Kocsis is an associate professor at South East European University, in Tetovo, Macedonia. He has contributed to two chapters in S.L. Danver’s Popular Controversies in World History. The first is entitled the existence of Atlantis is not entirely mythical which is a half-hearted support for the reality of Plato’s lost land. The second relates to Lemuria and is equally anodyne.
Part of the text is available online(a).
(a) http://sangu.ge/images/Popular1.pdf (offline Jan. 2017)
Joseph-François Lafitau (1681-1746) was a French Jesuit, who was engaged in missionary work among the Iroquois in North America during the early 18th century. Unlike Francisco López de Gómara who considered the native Americans as descendants of refugees from Atlantis, Lafitau attributed their origins to have been eastern Mediterranean. He specifically linked the language of the Iroquois with that of Lycia. Lafitau is sometimes referred to as an early diffusionist [1285/6].