Kumari Kandam is the Tamil name given to a legendary sunken continent to the south of the Indian sub-continent(a) . It is claimed that it was finally submerged after two or three inundations and is frequently associated with the story of Lemuria and its parallels with Plato’s Atlantis have not gone unnoticed. The reality is that low-lying land in what is now the Indian Ocean was inundated at the end of the last Ice Age, just as the Celtic Shelf was submerged in the Atlantic and vast tracts of land in the Caribbean, giving rise to similar flood legends in all those areas.
Sri Lanka, or more correctly an area to the south of that island, has traditionally been associated with a large submerged civilisation known in Tamil literature as Kumari Kandam. The idea was recently given added impetus in an interesting Internet posting(a). The writer points out that the proto-Greeks came from India, bringing with them their language and other listed cultural attributes, including the tales of sunken landmasses in the region of Sri Lanka. The Sanskrit texts predate Plato with accounts of advanced civilisation in India. More interesting is writing of Panini, a 4th century BC, Sanskrit grammarian who records Greeks in India. This fascinating subject is most certainly worthy of further investigation.
It is not unreasonable to link this lost civilisation with the inundation of Sundaland further east around today’s Indonesia.