Dr. László Kocsis is an associate professor at South East European University, in Tetovo, Macedonia. He has contributed to two chapters in S.L. Danver’s Popular Controversies in World History. The first is entitled the existence of Atlantis is not entirely mythical which is a half-hearted support for the reality of Plato’s lost land. The second relates to Lemuria and is equally anodyne.
Part of the text is available online(a).
John Murray (1841-1914) was born in Canada of Scottish parents and renowned as an oceanographer and marine biologist, sometimes referred to as ‘the father of modern oceanography’, a term he also coined. He is also credited with being the first to recognise the existence of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and of marine or oceanic trenches.
In 1933 it was reported(a) that an expedition named after Murray had discovered ‘traces’ of Lemuria in the Indian Ocean. However, this was the Lemuria hypothesised by Sclater rather than the total fantasy promoted by Blavatsky.
Costantino Cattoi (1894-1975) was an officer in the Italian Air Force during the First World War, during which he developed the cartographic value of aerial photography. In 1955 he got considerable media coverage for his concept of lost civilisations, which included Lemuria, Mu and Atlantis in the Indian, Pacific and Atlantic oceans respectively. He also posited an extension of Atlantis reaching into the Mediterranean as far as Italy and added his view that just offshore from Ansedonia, 70 miles north of Rome, may have been the location of the Atlantean capital!
(Toledo Blade Pictorial, June 5, 1955) (offline July, 2015)
L. C. Geerts is the Dutch author of the earth-history.com website. His background is interesting reading(a). He has an extensive section regarding Atlantis, where he concludes as follows:
“In my book I will explain that there were at least 3 sunken continents (islands) in ancient times :
1. Atlantis, situated in the Atlantic Ocean, about 9,000 BC.
2. Lemuria (Mu), situated in the Pacific Ocean, about 20,000 BC.
3. The Egyptian Keftiu, situated in the Aegean See (Santorini, Thera), about1,600BC.” The working title of the book referred to by Geerts was ‘Earths Ancient History, a theory about ancient times and dawn of Mankind’ and was due for publication in 2013 – *[so far only available on his website(c).]*
Geerts has also written a history of Dordrecht, Holland’s oldest city(b).
Even though Geerts ventures on to subjects even more contentious than Atlantis, his site is worth a visit.
Heinrich Kruparz is an Austrian geologist who has recently ventured into the world of Atlantology with the publication of Atlantis und Lemuria. From the title he obviously supports the idea of sunken continents with advanced civilisations in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Like many others he views the Azores as the remnants of Atlantis.
Nan Madol is a large stone city on the Micronesian island of Pohnpei. The city has a series of canals connecting the structures, which were built on nearly a hundred artificial islands. It has been called both the ‘Venice’ and the ‘Atlantis’ of the Pacific. Conventional archaeology dates the site to around 1200AD.
James Churchward claimed Nan Madol as part of his concocted Mu. David Hatcher Childress has claimed that the site was part of Lemuria, another invention. Erich von Däniken in his The Gold of the Gods was happy to claim that as a result of extraterrestrial intervention, the ancient Micronesians, had mastered flight and used this ability to transport the stone for the construction of the city!
John Van Auken is a well-known lecturer on the ‘readings’ of Edgar Cayce. He is a Director at the Edgar Cayce organization, the Association for Research and Enlightenment (A.R.E) having been associated with the A.R.E. since the late 1960s. He is the author of many books dealing with mysticism and ancient mysteries. He co-authored with Greg and Lora Little, Edgar Cayce’s Atlantis and includes an article on his own website(a) entitled Atlantis& Mu (Lemuria) in which Plato is completely ignored, which in my opinion leaves him unfit to discuss Atlantis.
Even more disturbing is his association with the rather dubious ‘diploma mill’, The International Metaphysical University(b), considered by some(c)(d) to be fraudulent.
*[Some years ago Van Auken was challenged by William Hutton to give the references of the six Cayce ‘readings’ that he had referred to in a lecture. The readings did not exist and the best that Van Auken could do was claim to have “misspoken”(e)!]*
(a) http://www.johnvanauken.com/atlantismu.htm (deleted April 2014)
(c) http://www.examiner.com/article/fraud-the-paranormal-field-goes-up-a-few-degrees (offline May 2015)
Marion McMurrough Mulhall (? -1922) was the wife of a famous Irish statistician, Michael George Mulhall (1838-1900) (his Dictionary of Statistics(b) was last published in 1970). She has written a number books, particularly about South America, but in 1911 she published Beginnings or Glimpses of Vanished Civilizations. In this interesting, if rather dated work of 136 pages, the author suggests that “The gods and goddesses of the ancient Greeks, the Phoenicians, the Hindoos, and the Scandinavians were simply the kings, queens, and heroes of Atlantis, and the acts attributed to them in mythology are a confused recollection of real historical events. The mythology of Egypt and Peru represented the original religion of Atlantis, which was sun worship. The oldest colonies from Atlantis were probably the Akkadians and Sumerians, who are thought as yet, according to Messrs.King and Halpto have been the original founders of the Babylonian and Egyptian civilization. The implements of the ” Bronze Age ” of Europe were derived from Atlantis. The Atlantians were also the first manufacturers of iron, and we know that Parthelon, when he visited Ireland, came in iron vessels of occidental blackness.”
The author discusses a number of aspects of ancient history including Atlantic landbridges. She argues that Ireland was Plutarch’s Ogygia and also comments on Lemuria and Easter Island. The full text can be read online(a).
Zarin (1944 – ) was originally from Pennsylvania but is now living in Las Vegas and claims to be a renowned psychic as well as a researcher on Atlantis. He is obviously a ‘colourful’ individual who produced an ebook in 2011 entitled Atlantis, the Deluge and the End of the Ice Age. I am not a fan of psychics or ‘channelled’ information. However, when I discovered that it was free, I downloaded it to my Kindle.
The first half of the book was a fairly pedestrian affair. Then we got to it, “a super strong and unusual crystal” called the ‘atal’ stone which gave Atlantis its name! This crystal power gave them the potential for flight and which he says might have given them a military advantage. Which is rather strange when you find that they were defeated by the Athenians.
Zarin moved on with constant attempts to link the discoveries of Göbekli Tepe with Atlantis. He also includes suggestions of extraterrestrial visitors in our ancient past.
A recent report tells of Zarin seeing the Crucifixion, the image on the Turin Shroud and also that of the Virgin Mary on a large ‘Lemurian coding crystal’ from Madagascar, which according to Zarin was the centre of Lemuria.
Unfortunately, three more books by Zarin are looming, no doubt as soon as the material can be extracted from the rear end of some male cow!
James Howard Wellard (1909-1987) was the author of over thirty books on a range of subjects, from General Patton to the Sahara to Atlantis. In The Search for Lost Worlds he devoted nearly half the book to a well-balanced review of history of Atlantis theories as well as the more recent origins for the story of Lemuria and/or Mu.