Marco Guido Corsini (1954- ) is an Italian researcher who has produced yet another interpretation of the Phaistos Disk(a) as well as a number of online papers(b) (all in Italian) regarding the search for Atlantis. He identifies the Atlanteans(d) as the ‘Nordic’ Sea Peoples, a la Spanuth, and yet in another place he refers to Rome as the capital of Atlantis, which is interesting as Plato described the Atlantean domain extending as far a Tyrhennia(c), whose territory began just north of what was later known as Rome.
Corsini’s websites are in Italian only and when translated by Google they are not the easiest to read. Unfortunately, Italians seem to rarely use paragraphs and Corsini has a rambling style, making lots of assertions, but offering little evidence to support them.
Corsini ventures into strange territory when he claims that the now ‘missing’ Tulli Papyrus(e) describes a UFO sighting by ancient Egyptians(f) and also that he would like to find the Loch Ness Monster(g)!
A further insight into Corsini’s personality was provided in a recent email that he sent to me, which I include here in its entirety:
“ You are a stupid man. Do not know italian and misinterpret my works. Finish to mention me and my works. You are stupid.”
My only comment is that I would prefer to be stupid than boorish.
(c) Timaeus 25b & Critias 114c
Wilhelm Brandenstein (1898-1967), was a Viennese classical scholar, who wrote a detailed commentary on Plato’s Atlantis said, “The theory that Plato simply invented the Egyptian derivation, while at the same time showing an extensive knowledge of sources, and constantly reaffirming that it was all pure truth, cannot be sustained”
He considered the Atlantis story to have been inspired by Minoan Crete although Spanuth claims that Brandenstein wrote to him with the conclusion that the story told to Solon related to the invasion of the Sea Peoples.
“Brandenstein believes that Solon erroneously linked two separate accounts to one: From Egypt he had knowledge on the Sea Peoples wars, from Athens he had traditions on the confrontation of Crete and Athens, as they are indeed documented in known myths. With this Brandenstein believed that only a part of the Atlantis tradition came from Egypt.”
While Franke’s paper is very welcome, it is to be hoped that a translation of Brandenstein’s entire book will be on offer at some point.
Ignatius Donnelly was probably the first to suggest a linkage between Phaeacia and Atlantis. Jürgen Spanuth as well as Hennig and Kluge shared this view of Donnelly‘s, Based on Hennig’s work Spanuth listed 32 items of similarity between Phaeacia and Atlantis in his Atlantis – The Mystery Unravelled[017.143] and Atlantis of the North[015.218]. However, N. Zhirov remarked that an equally long list of discrepancies could also be compiled, leaving the question still open.
There is something of a consensus among scholars that Phaeacia is a reference to the Greek island of Corfu. However, Hennig did not accept that Scheria could be identified with the Adriatic island, instead he suggested that it was besidein Spain.
Armin Wolf who has studied extensively the geography of Homer’s Odyssey concluded a paper(b) on the subject as follows – “Scheria, the country of
the Phaeacians, this ideal land described by Homer, was no
fantasy, but nothing else but Greater Greece, Magna Graecia.”
Roger Coghill is a more recent supporter of Scheria being another name for Atlantis, which he locates near Faro in Portugal. His views have been contrasted in the media(a) with those of Peter Daughtrey, who locates Atlantis not too far away in Silves.
Gerhard Gadow is a German writer who has produced a number of books on ‘fringe’ subjects. Among his varied output is a critique of Erich von Däniken’s ancient astronaut theory. He has written, in German, about Atlantis and devoted around half of this book to a study of Jürgen Spanuth ’s theories. The rest of this book gives an overview of the more popular theories including Atlantis in Spain, Atlantic, or Aegean etc.
Acropolis is the name given to the central highest position in ancient Greek cities, occupied by the principal religious and civic buildings. The Athenian acropolis was crowned by the magnificent Parthenon, constructed between 447-432 BC. An interesting claim is that the Parthenon was once ‘a riot of colour’(d). Another remarkable feature of the building is that its breadth has been carefully measured at 101.34 feet, which is exactly a second of latitude at the equator(b). The acropolis of Athens is the best known and often erroneously referred to as ‘The’ Acropolis. It is worth noting that the general description of an acropolis is mirrored in Plato’s description of the central buildings of Atlantis that were also located on elevated ground. Writers such as Jürgen Spanuth, Rainer W. Kühne(a) as well as Papamarinopoulos(c) have concluded that the acropolis of Athens provides convincing evidence that the war between Atlantis and Athens took place around 1200 BC. *Papamarinopoulos comments further that “Athens of Critias, is proved a reality of the 12th century B.C., described only by Plato and not by historians, such as Herodotus, Thucydides and others. Analysts of the past have mixed Plato’s fabricated Athens presented in his dialogue Republic with the non-fabricated Athens of his dialogue Critias. This serious error has deflected researchers from their target to interpret Plato’s text efficiently.” (e)*
Plato referred to dwellings for warriors (Crit. 112b) situated to the north of the Acropolis that were built in the 15th century BC and were not located again until the earlier part of our 20th century. He also refers to a spring (Critias 112d) that was destroyed during an earthquake. Kühne notes that this spring only existed for about 25 years but was found by the Swedish archaeologist, Oscar Broneer (1894-1992),who excavated there from 1959 to 1967. The destruction of the spring and barracks, by an earthquake, was confirmed as having occurring at the end of the 12th century BC. Plato describes how these catastrophes, of inundation and earthquake, that caused the destruction on the Acropolis, were only survived by those living inland. They were uneducated people who could not write and so the knowledge of writing became lost. J. Chadwick & Michael Ventris have shown that Linear B was written in an early Greek language and that in Greece it remained in use until around 1200 BC. Subsequently, the Greeks were without a script until the 8th century BC. This date of 1200 BC would appear to match the end of the war between Athens and Atlantis except for Plato’s reference to the earthquake being accompanied by a flood that was the third before the flood of Deucalion. This flood of Deucalion is usually dated to at least some centuries before 1200 BC. Collina-Girard in common with many others seems convinced that Atlantis was destroyed around 9500 BC but that Plato’s description of Atlantis is fictional. Collina-Girard’s theory of an Atlantis in the Gibraltar Strait inundated at the end of the Ice Age many thousands of years before the Acropolis existed, forced him to denounce Plato’s Bronze Age descriptions as fiction otherwise he could not justify the exploration of Spartel Island.
Ellis Peterson (1937- ) is an American of Swedish extraction. He is a retired maths professor and now lives in Pennsylvania. He has a passionate interest in the Scandinavian runes and writes under the nom de plume of ‘Ragnar-Storyteller’. Peterson has some rather odd ideas about combining the runes with Quantum Physics in order to produce a variety of effects including healing.
Peterson has also studied ancient Scandinavian history with particular reference to pre-Columbian visits to the Americas, North and South. He also subscribes to Spanuth’s suggestion that the ‘Sea Peoples’ who invaded Egypt in the 2nd millennium BC were from Scandinavia and should have been designated ‘North Sea Peoples’. In fact, Peterson seems to have adopted most of Spanuth’s principal contentions – amber was Plato’s orichalcum, Phaeton destroyed Atlantis leading to the migration of the Atlantean survivors, proto-Vikings, to migrate south invading Egypt. He also locates the capital, Basileia, off the Danish coast. He has written a number of blogs on this subject(a)(b) .
Helgoland or Heligoland, (as readers of English more usually know it), was formerly known as Heyleigeland or ‘Holy Land’, is an island situated in the North Sea off the coast of Germany with a smaller uninhabited island (Sand Island) to the east. They were a British possession from 1807 until 1890.*Today, it is again German territory and has around 1200 inhabitants, who speak a dialect of the North Frisian language.*
Jürgen Spanuth suddenly alerted the world of Atlantology to its possible significance in the 1970’s when he published a book that claimed it as the location of Plato’s Atlantis. Interestingly, the controversial Oera Linda Book was allegedly written on the nearby Frisian Islands in the Frisian language.*Decades later, Walter Baucum also adopted Heligoland as the location of the Atlantean capital.*
Helgoland today is only a fraction of its size twelve hundred years ago(a). There is a tradition that it was once joined to the German mainland. It was also an important source of copper in Northern Europe. (In the map above, Helgoland is the two small islands in the shaded area). Furthermore, it has also been described as formerly the highest point in Doggerland.
Helgoland is also home to something found nowhere else on the planet, namely, red silex or flint, apparently highly prized during the Neolithic, Bronze and Iron Ages(c).