Manly Palmer Hall (1901-1990) was Canadian born before being brought to the United States by his grandmother, where he developed a lifelong fascination with religion, philosophy and science. He was a 33rd degree mason and in 1934 founded the Philosophical Research Society. He lectured widely and was the author of over two hundred works on a variety of subjects such as Alchemy, Tarot, The Bible and Freemasonry. In 1940 he produced a booklet on Atlantis that is still in print today. In it, he claims that Masonry came to Egypt and Asia Minor from Atlantis and was originally concerned with sun and fire worship.