An A-Z Guide To The Search For Plato's Atlantis

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Joining The Dots


Joining The Dots

I have now published my new book, Joining The Dots, which offers a fresh look at the Atlantis mystery. I have addressed the critical questions of when, where and who, using Plato's own words, tempered with some critical thinking and a modicum of common sense.


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Tartessos

Goropius Becanus, Johannes

van GorpJohannes Goropius Becanus (1519-1572) was a Dutch physician and linguist, although he was of the opinion that the Dutch language had been used in the Garden of Eden and was the mother of all other languages(c) ! We hope his knowledge of medicine was better than his linguistics. He was also one of the first to propose the Doñana Marshes of Andalusia as the site of Atlantis(a)(b). This can be found in the Hispanica section of his Opera[1437] published posthumously in 1580.

*Goropius also declared that Tartessos was the biblical Tarshish and was the capital of Plato’s Atlantis.*

 

 

(a) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Location_hypotheses_of_Atlantis#South

(b) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Location_hypotheses_of_Atlantis#South

(c) https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannes_Goropius_Becanus

Balearic Islands

The Balearic Islands in the Western Mediterranean were not occupied until Balearicsaround 2200 BC. Although the two larger islands of Majorca and Minorca have many megalithic monuments, principally taulas and talayots, they have not, so far, been part of any Atlantis location theory. The only mention that I can find is the unsubstantiated claim by Frank Joseph[0104.66] that the early settlers were invaders from Atlantis.

*Steven Sora noted(d) that From the Bible we know the Tartessians were ruled by kings and mentioned with princes of the isles—very likely islands like Corsica and the Balearics.” I mention this as Tartessos is frequently linked with Atlantis.*

The island of Es Vedra off the west coast of Ibiza, the third largest of the Balearics, has had a number of imaginative myths, old and new, associated with it, including that it is supposed to be the birthplace of the goddess Tanit and the limestone on the island is alleged to have been used to build the Egyptian Pyramids. Then, for good measure, Es Vedra is also claimed to be a peak of the mountains of Atlantis!(c)

In 1911, Albert Gruhn proposed that Atlantis may have lain between the Balearics and Sardinia(a), while a century later the American nuclear engineer, Robert J. Tuttle, suggested[1148.301]  the Balearics as a possible location when sea levels were lower and the archipelago was more extensive,*explaining that “For Atlantis, we must relocate the ‘Pillars of Herakles’ to somewhere between Tunisia (the Roman ‘Africa’), Sicily and the toe of Italy”*

The most recent discovery of a prehistoric stone structure on Menorca was reported in the Spring 2016 edition of Popular Archaeology magazine(b). 

(a) http://paperspast.natlib.govt.nz/cgi-bin/paperspast?a=d&d=NOT19110819.2.22.16

(b)  http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/spring-2016/article/archaeologists-uncover-monumental-prehistoric-structure-on-island-of-menorca

(c) https://www.ibiza-spotlight.com/magazine/2013/07/legends-ibiza-es-vedra

*(d) https://atlantisrisingmagazine.com/article/in-search-of-tarshish/ (offline May 2019)*

Cabriolu, Mario

Mario Cabriolu is a Sardinian, who actively supports the theory of Sergio Frau, which places Atlantis on Sardinia. He has published an illustrated paper on the sardolog.com website in support of that contention(a) with the bold title of Sardinia is Atlantis? He also wrote papers on Cerne(b) and Tartessos(c) on the same site.

(a) http://www.sardolog.com/perso/atlantid/index.htm (Italian)

(b) http://www.sardolog.com/perso/cerne/index.htm (Italian)

(c) http://www.sardolog.com/perso/tartesso/index.htm (Italian)

Recuenco Andrés, Javier (L)

Javier Recuenco Andrés (1973- ) is an IT engineer from Cadiz in Spain. He has a passion for chess, history and mythology. His interest in the latter has led to his publication of a heavily illustrated The Historical Reality of Javier Recuenco AndresAtlantis in Spanish and English (Kindle only).

He begins with an in-depth examination of a ‘Tartessian’ gold disk that led on to an etymological investigation of the ‘K-N’ inscription on it, which he believes referred to the Conii people who settled in what is now southern Portugal. He speculates that the design of the disk reflects the layout of the acropolis of Atlantis! He has suggested that this acropolis was probably located in the vicinity of the Canary Islands.

In 2013, Recuenco Andrés and Diaz-Montexano jointly published a paper(a) on the academia.edu website offering comparable interpretations of the disk with the same conclusion that it was connected with Atlantis.

Javier dates the foundation of Atlantis during a period between 21,000 and 12,000 BC. Andrés has a hyperdiffusionist view of Atlantis showing rock carvings in North Africa, America, Australia, China and of course his native Iberia as evidence for their global influence. The fall of the Atlantean ‘Empire’ he dates between 12,000 and 9,000BC as the last Ice Age ended.

He subscribes to the idea that there was a Gibraltar landbridge, which was breached around 5,500 BC that eventually led to the linking of the Mediterranean and the Black Sea, an event originally revealed by Ryan & Pitman.

Javier also believes that Egypt was occupied by Atlanteans from 7000–5500 BC, but that their influence led to the building of the pyramids! In fact, he attributes the pyramids of China and America  to Atlantean influence. He identifies Knossos in Crete as an Atlantean colony in the eastern Mediterranean.

In my opinion, Javier has produced an original work, unlike the regurgitated offerings of so many others. Nevertheless, I think his work has too many assumptions based on excusable subjectivity.

(a) http://www.academia.edu/4431966/El_Disco_de_Bensafrim_S%C3%ADmbolo_de_la_capital_de_Atlantis_Un_ensayo_de_Atlantolog%C3%ADa_Hist%C3%B3rico-Cient%C3%ADfica_Javier_Recuenco_Andr%C3%A9s_and_Georgeos_D%C3%ADaz-Montexano_1_9_2013_Scientific_Atlantology_International_Society_SAIS_  (Spanish)

(offline June 2015)

Millette, Louis

Louis Millette, is a Canadian commentator who claims to have identified the location of Atlantis in the region of the Guadalquivir River in Spain’s Andalusia, maintaining that Tartessos, Tarshish and Atlantis were all the same. He has posted a set of three satellite image(d) to support his contention, unfortunately, I cannot see anything that might be related to Atlantis. His brief video clip(e) is equally uninformative.

However, Millette is a firm believer in extraterrestrial visitors(a), which for me is sufficient reason to consider him an unreliable researcher. He also claims to have located the ‘Hanging Gardens of Babylon’ in Nineveh, an idea already proposed by Stephanie Dailey of Oxford University as early as 1992(c).

Millette promises startling revelations regarding Stonehenge in June 2015!

(a) http://www.ancient-origins.net/unexplained-phenomena/ancient-history-ufos-and-unclassified-document-oppenheim-and-einstein-001384

(c) http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2013/13/130531-babylon-hanging-gardens-nineveh-seven-wonders/

(d) http://yourshot.nationalgeographic.com/profile/332999/ #

(e) http://youtu.be/LvrW_Jwintc

Huelva

Huelva is a city in southwest Spain that has frequently featured in the search for Tartessos. Adolph Schulten(a) as well as Jorge Bonsor devoted years to studying Huelva, Cádiz and Seville in their search for the legendary city. Even if Tartessos is conclusively identified, it is still a long way from proving it to be Plato’s Atlantis, which after all is supposed to be submerged. I was recently offered satellite images that purported to show traces of ground features that ‘might’ indicate ancient ruins with a remote possibility that they might be part of Tartessos!

(a) http://www.uv.es/~alabau/situacion.htm (Sp) (link broken Mar 2019 See:  https://web.archive.org/web/20161217151230/http://www.uv.es/~alabau/situacion.htm

Ephorus (t)

Ephorus (c.400-330) was a respected Greek historian from Cyme (ancient Phriconis) in northwest Turkey. He told us that the capital of Tartessos was two day’s travel from the Pillars of Heracles and more importantly that a Tartessos continued as a trading centre, dealing in metals, as late as the 4th century BC, which is after Solon’s visit to Egypt. Since Atlantis was submerged hundreds if not thousands of years before Solon lived, the Tartessos referred to by Ephorus cannot be Atlantis!

Ephorus is also the name of anti-plagiarism software.

Barradas, Lereno

Lereno Barradas was a Portuguese writer who speculated in the early 1970’s that Tartessos could be identified with Atlantis and had been located in the Tagus estuary near the site of modern Lisbon. He also suggested that these
ancient Atlanteans had travelled to America.

Mishulin, Aleksandr Vasil’evich (N)

Aleksandr Vasil’evich Mishulin (1901-1948) was Russian professor of history, who expressed the view that Tartessos was the inspiration behind Plato’s Atlantis in his posthumously  published Ancient Spain Before the Establishment of the Roman Provincial System in 197 B.C.