Gustavo Barroso (1888-1957) was a Brazilian writer and right-wing ‘Integralist’ political leader as well as an unambiguous anti-semite. His 1931 book, Aquém da tlântida, included Nazi ideology as well as the concept of ‘vril’ energy and a denunciation of communism. To say the least the book had little to do with Plato’s Atlantis(a). However, Alexander Braghine recommended this book as worth reading in connection with ancient links between the ‘Old World’ and the Americas[156.171].
(a) http://www.esocite.org.br/eventos/tecsoc2011/cd-anais/arquivos/pdfs/artigos/gt017-representacoesde.pdf (Portuguese) (offline June 2016 – see Archive 3091)
Sir Edward Bulwer-Lytton (1803–1873) was a British politician and novelist. He coined a number of phrases that are still in use today; ‘the great unwashed’, ‘the pen is mightier than the sword’ and ‘pursuit of the almighty dollar’. The last is from his 1871 science fiction novel, Vril: The Power of the Coming Race, which describes an underground race of superior beings with advanced powers.
I have been reminded by Ronan Coghlan that the beef extract, Bovril, developed in the 1870’s, had used ‘vril’ as part of its name to imply ‘bull-power’!
He was adopted by English Rosicrucians as their ‘Grand Patron’. The influence of Bulwer-Lytton extended to Helena Blavatsky who “compared Vril with the sidereal force of the Atlanteans, called Mash-Mak.” (e)
William Scott-Elliott took Bulwer-Lytton’s ideas seriously and has shown their influence in his references to Atlantis. In the early part of the 20th century this fictional concept of vril was incorporated into esoteric Nazism, including the work of Brazilian right-winger, Gustavo Barosso.
On a lighter note, Bulwer-Lytton’s name has been given to a competition(d) that “challenges entrants to compose the opening sentence to the worst of all possible novels.” There have been many worthy winners.
(b) http://www.vrilology.org/INDEX.HTML (offline Nov 13)
(c) http://www.vrilology.org/Atlantis_page.htm (offline Nov 13)
(e) Fortean Times No.303 July 2013 p.43
Michel Manzi (1849-1915) was a close friend of the celebrated painter Edgar Degas. With regard to Atlantis he followed the ideas of Ignatius Donnelly and the Theosophist, Scott-Elliot, and is sometimes referred to as an occultist. He was also influenced by the work of Abbé Brasseur de Bourbourg. It was not until a few years after his death, in 1922, that his book, Le Livre de l’Atlantide (The Book of Atlantis) was published and is now available online(a).
After reading a translation of chapter five(b), I can confidently denounce this book as a collection of nonsense, heavily influenced by Blavatsky‘s drivel, with references to atlantean flying machines and vril power.