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Archive 7168

August F.R. Knötel: Atlantis und das Volk der Atlanten (1893)

by Alexander Bessmertny

Fig. 1 The front cover of A.F.R. Knötel’s book “Atlantis and the People of atlases” from 1893

In 1893, Knötel had his say in Germany [1], who wanted to prove with extensive, especially mythical comparative material that Atlantis in Northwest Africa, but the Atlanteans themselves were not an actual tribe. The Atlanteans were priests who in the second line on the Thôt-Hermes of the Egyptians, but in the first place and originally can be traced back to a center from which all learned priesthoods, the magicians, the Brahmins, the druids originated and who had the faith in God and the wisdom of the Chaldean forefathers of Noah Enoch as their starting point.

Knötel believed to be able to show that Greece was also a priestly state of the Atlanteans, that they had a headquarters there on the Kyl(l)enenberg and other seats, that they ruled the Pelasgerland by the law of Hermes, that they were the little prominent master craftsmen of the Poseidon service and the then high standing seafaring, that there were well-known heroic families who derived themselves from them, ==References====External links==* Official website At the time when, according to the biblical tradition, the religious war between the followers of Uranus and Chronos prevailed in the Babylonian lowlands, which is around the time of the Babylonian tower construction and language confusion, according to our calendar about 2100 – 1500 BC, the priests of Uranus, who were inferior in the religious war, migrated from Babylonia in order to remain faithful to their faith. These were the actual Atlanteans who worshipped Atlas, a son of Uranus, as a founder of religion.

According to Knötel, their extensive astronomical, scientific and technical knowledge was based on a Chaldean basis and the Chaldean original patriarch Enoch has merged with Atlas into one person. The name of the Phut tribe, which emigrated to Knötel in today’s Morocco, which descends from a son of Noah’s sprout Cham, is just another name for the Atlanteans. Their path, which led them from Syria to Spain, they interrupted by the founding of the city of Tarschesch-Tartessos, in which SchultenHennig and others […] want to recognize the actual Atlantis itself. The main stream of the Atlanteans, however, continued to migrate or had already branched off before to come to Libya, where the actual Poseidonic Atlantis city was founded.

Fig. 2 Imaginative depiction of Ninus, the mythical founder and namesake of the city of Nineveh in Assyria – an Atlantean ‘Heracles’?

Knötel assumes that Crete was a large sea fortress and an Assyrian military colony created with sense and intention to dominate the sea. The commander of this fleet was a “Heracles”, the standing name of an office and dignity that many people have worn. The occupation of Crete moves Knötel to the time around 1900 BC. Since “Chronus” was the Greek name for Ninus (Fig. 2) and the Assyrian Empire donated by him, according to Knötel, the Assyrians carried their world dominion over the Mediterranean from Crete through a “Heracles” and also incorporated Tartessos into their empire.

When around 1300 BC a migration of Scythian, blond, blue-eyed and tall, i.e. apparently Aryan tribes shook the Assyrian empire and Nineveh was conquered, the goddess of war of the Scythian Amazons also came from the Black Sea to Greece under the name “Nitokres”, i.e. “victorious Athena“. With Athena, the Sacian horse god Poseidon had also reached the West, where he “first became Assyrian, then Libyan and finally Hellene“. Here he became in the school of the Atlanteans, originally a god of war of men – like Pallas Athena was the goddess of war of women – the god of seafaring.

Allegedly, the Egyptians named the Atlanteans “Tahennu” and hieroglyphically designated them with four interlocking world pillars. This hieroglyphic sign is called “tat” and means: standstill, eternity, firmness, rest. At the same time, however, the Egyptians also used the name “tat” in their language of the atlas, of which Clement of Alexandria says: “Atlas is a pole without suffering, it can also be the immovable sphere, perhaps it is best understood as immovable eternity.

Fig. 3 Here is a – according to August Knötel – “place of worship of atlases, which can be regarded as a model“, south of Tripoli, Libya, on the “Charitenhöhe” (Djebel Gurian)

Knötel believes he can explain etymologically that the word “A-Tlas” means “the idle”, i.e. the pole around which the earth revolves. Since the North Star is immovably fixed on the sky vault, it became a symbol of immovability for the Egyptians. They called it “Tahen”, a word that comes from “tahe-tahu” and means something like “determine” or “inhibit”, so that the Atlanteans are probably called “Tahennu” because they worshipped the star “Tahen”, under which the Earth’s axis rotates.

Knötel refers to the accounts left by Herodotus and Diodorus about the Atlanteans and wants to conclude from them that they possessed a particularly high culture that had hardly lagged behind the cultures of Egypt, Assyria and BabylonKnötel also considers the Atlanteans to be the authors of the stone buildings named under the names dolmens or menhirs, which we find in North Africa as well as in France and England and which have recently been traced back to the Atlanteans, especially by Herman Wirth, only that today the authors of these dolmens are considered a northern Indo-Germanic People hold. Now Knötel comes to consider the Celtic druids as offshoots of the Atlanteans, who themselves are again the mediators between the Chaldean wisdom of the Orient and the prehistoric science of the West.

Knötel believes that the settlement of Greece did not take place on the way from Assyria to Spain, but from Libya by colonialist means, as Atlas came to Greece according to the Greek legend and established his rule in Arcadia at the castle of Lykesura. Only when the national consciousness of the Greeks awakened did they create their own deity in Apollo, the ancient gods were banished to the end of the world, their followers drowned, and in this symbolic process of Greek mythology Knötel wants to find the explanation for the downfall of Atlantis.

It is impossible to follow up on Knötel’s remarks here. He has also remained alone with his hypotheses, without finding followers and one can only in the new teachings established by Karst [2] the influence of Western cultures coming from the East, but quite differently founded and scientifically much more plausible forms of the thought treated by Knötel but more dilettante.

Notes and sources

This article was taken from Alexander Bessmertny’s book “Das Atlantisrätsel – Geschichte und Erklärung der Atlantishypothesen” (pp. 44-47), which was published in 1932 by R. Voigtländer’s Verlag (Leipzig). It will be published by in August 2017 – insignificantly shortened and retitled – in an editorially edited version.


Image sources:

1) / Image Archive
2) Hannah~commonswiki at Wikimedia Commons, under: File:Ninus Rex.jpg
3) A.F.R. Knötel, op. Cit. (1893), p. 215 (image processing by