Titanomachy and Gigantomachy are words used to describe the wars in Greek mythology between the Titans and Giants against the Olympian gods. These wars are impressively described in Hesiod’s poem Theogony (Genealogy of the Gods)(b). In these conflicts many writers have seen similarities with the war between the Athenians and the Atlanteans.
Peter James[047.193] has pointed to close parallels between Hesiod’s work and Hittite texts discovered in the 1940s. He quotes the mythologist, Joseph Fontenrose who commenting on the texts, declared that they made it impossible ‘to deny…..any genetic relation between Greek and Asiatic mythologies’. Claims of a direct Phoenician influence on Greek mythology have also been made(a).
J. V. Luce suggested that Hesiod was prompted by the eruption of Thera, and its fallout, to write of the Titanomachy in his Theogony. Professor Mott Greene has fully supported this view, as do the husband and wife team of Elizabeth and Paul Barber in their important work on the transmission of myth. The volcanologist Haraldur Sigurdsson, of the University of Rhode Island, is also convinced that the eruption had a major effect on Greek mythology inspiring both Hesiod’s long poem and the Atlantis story.