North West Africa
Arabic References to Atlantis are discussed by the contemporary Iraqi scholar, Salah Salim Ali, in a twenty- page essay entitled Arabic References to Plato’s Lost Atlantis. He quotes a number of medieval Arabic writers who refer to such places as the ‘City of Brass’ and the enigmatic ‘City of Baht’ (baht = stone of laughter). The city of Brass obviously echoing Plato’s description of the walls of Atlantis being covered with Orichalcum. Although the contexts of these references are somewhat confusing, Salah Salim Ali concludes that they probably refer to Atlantis and indicate a location in either Andalusia or North-West Africa.
Louis Germain (1878-1942) was a French zoologist who was among a number of commentators during the early part of the 20th century that identified Atlantis as a continent in the Atlantic,*[connected to the Iberian peninsula and what was later known as Mauritania in North-West Africa together with the Azores, Canaries and the Cape Verde archipelagos. He based his views on a study of molluscs on those islands as well as his suggested ancient links with the European and African mainlands.*]Improved geological and bathymetric studies gradually led to the abandonment of these ideas. Pierre Termier, a geologist, quoted Germain’s work to reinforce his own view that Atlantis had been located in the Atlantic.