Tyre was located in what is modern Lebanon and is considered to have been originally a colony of Sidon. According to Egyptian records they ruled it during the middle of the second millennium BC, but lost control when their influence in the area declined. Independence brought commercial success that saw Tyre surpass Sidon in wealth and influence and eventually establish its own colonies across the Mediterranean. One of these was Carthage in North Africa, which in time became independent and eventually rivalled the Roman Empire in the west. It also had colonies in Greece and frequently fought with Egypt.
The location of Tyre, on an island with a superb natural harbour and which had great wealth and was supported by its many colonies, has been seen as a mirror of Atlantis. The Old Testament prophecies of Ezekiel, writing around 600 BC, described (26:19, 27: 27-28) the destruction of Tyre in terms that have prompted some to link it with Plato’s description of Atlantis’ demise, written two hundred years later.*The earliest claim that Ezekiel’s Tyrus was a reference to Atlantis was made by Madame Blavatsky in The Secret Doctrine  in 1888.
However, although both J.D. Brady and David Hershiser promote the idea of a linkage between Ezekiel’s Tyrus and Atlantis, they are certain that Tyrus is not the Phoenician city of Tyre. Beyond that, Brady identifies Tyrus/Atlantis with Troy, while Hershiser has placed his Tyrus/Atlantis in the Atlantic just beyond the Strait of Gibraltar(b).
Early in the 20th century Hanns Hörbiger also cited Ezekiel as justification for identifying Tyre as Atlantis.*
Recently, a sunken city has been discovered between Tyre and Sidon and according to its discoverer, Mohammed Sargi, is the 4,000 year old City of Yarmuta referred to in the Tell al-Amarna letters.
Carl Fredrich Baer, the imaginative 18th century writer, proposed a linkage between Tyre and Tyrrhenia. This idea has been revived recently by the claims of Jaime Manuschevich that the Tyrrhenians were Phoenicians from Tyre. Other supporters of a Tyrrhenian linkage with Tyre are J.D.Brady, Thérêse Ghembaza and most recently Dhani Irwanto. J.S. Gordon also claims[339.241] that Tyre was so named by the Tyrrhenians.
In Greek mythology it is said that Cadmus, son of the Phoenician king Agenor, brought the alphabet to Greece, suggesting a closer connection than generally thought.
J.P. Rambling places the Pillars of Heracles on Insula Herculis, now a sunken island, immediately south of Tyre(a).
*(b) See: Archive 3395*
John S. Gordon (1946-2013 ) was a senior fellow of the Theosophical Society of England and is the author of two books with an Atlantis connection – The Rise andFall of Atlantis and Egypt: Child of Atlantis. In them he considers a radical re-appraisal of the age of the Egyptian civilisation, as he was convinced that Plato’s 9000 years are to be taken literally.
Furthermore, Gordon proposed that in addition to Plato’s story recounting a real civilisation his narrative also contains ‘a complex metaphor for cosmic creation.’ However, neither book brings us any nearer to locating Atlantis and is of little value to serious Atlantis seekers. He constantly quoted Blavatsky as a reliable source and is quite happy to accept Cayce’s ‘revelation’ that the Atlanteans had flying machines. This begs the question, that with such a technological advantage, how were they defeated by the Athenians?
Gordon suggests that the region of the Canaries and the Azores was the most likely location for Atlantis, which was destroyed by the eruption of a supervolcano and suggests that Atlantean migrants founded that ancient Egypt civilisation. However, nobody has addressed the unavoidable questions that flow from that idea. Firstly, is it credible that the Egyptians would not have recorded such a pedigree and related it to Solon? and secondly, is it not strange that the Atlanteans would launch an attack on their own relatives?
In 2012 Gordon returned to the subject of very ancient origins of the Egyptians with the publication of Land of the Fallen Star Gods, which is a re-working of Egypt: Child of Atlantis. Along with a recycling of earlier material he also re-introduces us to the colourful concept of ‘the cosmic dung ball’!