New Hebrides is an archipelago in the Pacific northeast of New Caledonia and west of Fiji. In 1904 it was dragged into the world of Atlantology, when the Cairo News of Illinois published(a) a sermon by the Rev. Frank de Witt Talmage. He was a son of the celebrated ‘fire and brimstone’ preacher Thomas de Witt Talmage. In his sermon he refers to unnamed explorers claiming that the New Hebrides were the mountain peaks of sunken Atlantis. However, he goes further and infers a connection between Atlantis and the Garden of Eden.
I am indebted to Atlantisforschung.de for unearthing this unexpected piece of information(b). I agree that it is regrettable that the identity of the explorers was not given.
Egon Friedell (1878-1938) was an Austrian philosopher with a passion for the theatre, both as a playwright and cabaret performer. I have taken the following passage (a machine translation) from the Atlantisforschung.de(a) website to explain Friedell’s view of Atlantis.
“In the first chapter of this work (” Die Mar der Weltgeschichte “) Friedell makes no secret of his affinity to the catastrophic view of earth and human history, where he is a convinced follower of the today in essential statements largely consensual considered scientifically untenable world ice doctrine (WEL) of the Viennese engineer Hanns Hörbiger (1860-1931). His ideas of a history of humanity dating back to the geological depths and of periodic cataclysms due to serial “moon entrapments” and “falls” are taken over practically in toto. This also applies to the ideas of Hörbiger and his epigones in matters of Atlantis, which he summarizes in a section of the chapter titled ” Hörbigers Atlantis ” – which can now be retrieved online for free. In conclusion, although Egon Friedell was not involved in the further development of WEL after Hörbiger’s death (such as Hans Schindler Bellamy and Philipp Fauth), but contributed to their popularization.”
Unfortunately, Friedell was Jewish, although he had converted to Protestantism, so when, on March 16th, 1938 a few days after Austria had been incorporated into the German Third Reich, two SA men came looking for him, he chose suicide rather than arrest.
Martin Pepper is an American geologist who is intent on demonstrating that Santorini was the site of Atlantis, claiming to have new supportive evidence. He had his ideas revealed in a History Channel programme, Atlantis Found, first aired on October 19th 2015(a) as part of their How the Earth Works series.
I found it interesting that the advertising blurb for the show never once mentions Plato!
Unsurprising, Jason Colavito, an Atlantis sceptic, offers a scathing critique of the two-hour show (b). However, the German website, Atlantisforschung, criticises(c) the selective manner in which Pepper chose excerpts from Plato, carefully ignoring details that might conflict with Santorini being Atlantis.
>For my part, I cannot accept the Santorini/Thera theory without a convincing explanation for where, in the 2nd millennium BC, the Atlantean military of over a million men, plus an even larger civilian population actually lived, not to mention the elephants. Then there is also a small matter of the Plain of Atlantis 370x550km (230×345 miles); where was that? Finally, for good measure we are missing “the mountains which surrounded it (that) were at that time celebrated as surpassing all that now exist in number, magnitude and beauty.” (Critias.118b). I think Pepper should try again or better still, forget Atlantis altogether!<
Walter Stender (1905-2000) was a Latvian aero engineer who lived and worked most of his life in Germany. He had a variety of interests that included Atlantis. He was attracted to Spanuth’s theories and wrote a widely regarded article on Phaeton and its place in the Atlantis story 1n 1997. This is freely available online(a) and although in German, it translates reasonably well into English with the Google translator. A more extensive biography is available on the Atlantisforschung.de website(b).
Bernhard Beier (1960 – 2021) was born in Krefeld am Niederrhein in Germany. Marketing is his profession, but his first love is researching ancient history. Along with Roland Horn, they are the driving force behind the important German website, Atlantisforschung.de(a), launched on October 1st 2010. Beier, who has been studying the Atlantis mystery for thirty years is the editorial director of the new website.
>With great sadness, I have to announce the unexpected passing of Bernhard on January 29th. His contribution to atlantology was inestimable and he leaves a most valuable legacy for generations to come. His colleague and friend Roland Horn will, at least temporarily, take over the maintenance of the site.<
Jean Gattefossé (1899-1960) was an advocate of a North African Atlantis and wrote two books on the subject. Earlier Gattefossé together with Claudius Roux published an extensive bibliography in a volume, which contains a list of 1,700 books and articles relating to Atlantis.
>In 1939, Gattefossé published a novel, Les Portes de Bronze  (The Bronze Doors), which purported to be based on the research notes of a then recently deceased ‘Jean de Sauveclare’, who had purportedly searched for Atlantis in 1921. Although de Sauveclare is noted on the cover as a co-author, I can find no record of any such real person – perhaps it was just a marketing ploy?<
According to Atlantisforschung.de(a) Gattefossé wrote to Egerton Sykes in 1959 declaring his belief that the Pillars of Heracles were situated in Tartessos now known as Seville, “where they are a tourist attraction.” The same link has interesting additional information about Jean and his brother René-Maurice.
Roland M. Horn was born in 1963 and is the author of several books on a variety of subjects, such as Edgar Cayce, The Bible, Atlantis and latterly 2012. Horn is a keen supporter of the theory of Otto Muck, who postulated the idea of a cometary impact in the Atlantic that led to the destruction of Atlantis, which had been located there. He has a new website(a), in English, outlining his views on the location of Atlantis(c) and promoting his books. He has produced three books, in German, on the subject of Atlantis. In 1997 he published the first  of these, Das Erbe von Atlantis, which he revised and republished in 2001. The second , which deals with Edgar Cayce’s contribution to the Atlantis question. The third volume endeavours to support the idea that Atlantis was the cradle of civilisation .
Horn has written extensively on a range of ‘fringe’ subjects, UFOs, Mars, reincarnation, Freemasonry etc, etc. A flavour of his ideas can be gleaned from an interview he gave in March 2021(d). An English translation is available here.
However, for me, his most outlandish claims relate to Mars, where he has proposed that an ancient human civilisation has already been. This suggestion is explored in his book, Die Rückkehr zum Mars (The Return to Mars). He is also endeavouring to revive interest in the ‘Mars Face’.