René Frank (1974- ) is a German numismatist and musician, who uses ‘René Finn’ as a stage name. He has also published(a) a short paper on his website, which places Atlantis in the Atlantic, centred on the Azores. His argument is weak, citing Otto Muck and early 20th century commentators.
Dr Michel-Alain Combes (1942- ) is a French amateur astronomer with a PhD in astronomy from the Université Pierre et Marie Curie (Paris VI). For forty years he has studied impact catastrophism and published his views in his book, La Terre Bombardée (The Bombarded Earth). His extensive website(a) endeavours to combine history, myth and science and includes a reference to Atlantis, as well as a kind mention of this site. His book can also be read on his site (French).
Combes delivered a paper in English(b) to a 2008 Conference in Paris entitled; The Apocalypse of the Year 10,000 BC – Myth or Reality? This encounter may have created the Carolina Bays and destroyed Atlantis as proposed by Otto Muck.
Furthermore, it has also been linked to the onset of the mini ice age known as the Younger Dryas as described by Firestone, West and Warwick-Smith in their book The Cycle of Cosmic Catastrophes.
In 1992, Asteroid ‘3446 Combes’ was named in his honor.
(a) http://www.astrosurf.com/macombes/index.html (French)
Guillaume Delaage is the author of a number of books on ancient mysteries and esotericism. He frequently refers to Helena Blavatsky and holds her writing in high regard. On his website there is a six-part article(a) on Atlantis. He reviews the leading theories, but in the final part seems to find the theories of Otto Muck the most convincing.
(a)http://www.guillaume-delaage.com/articles/01-civilisations/civilisations-disparues/civ_atlantide1.html (French) (This is a six-part paper, to see the other five parts just change the number after ‘atlantide’.)
Peter Daughtrey is a British researcher and the author of Atlantis and the Silver City in which he identifies a location in Portugal, where he lived until recently, for Atlantis. The publicity blurb looks promising as it reads as follows: “Over 2000 books have previously attempted to find the answer but invariably stumbled by matching only a handful of Plato´s clues for this fabled lost civilisation. This book matches almost 60 and includes the discovery of the ancient capital with its harbour that Plato described in great detail and the great sunken plain with at least one group of submerged ruins. Everything fits – the precise location, climate, topography, crops and animals, even the incredible wealth. It sits uneasily by one of the world’s most lethal seismic fault lines which in the past has wreaked havoc up to ten times more powerful than the recent quake off Japan with tsunamis 100 feet high. The great Atlantis empire is traced together with their leaders odysseys to civilize South America and Egypt. The unique Atlantean physical characteristics are pinpointed and an ancient alphabet traced from which Phoenicians and Greek developed.” However, a pre-publication critique(a) has been rather less than encouraging.
Now that I have read the book I must declare that Daughtrey has produced a work that offers a spirited argument for considering Portugal’s Algarve as the location of Plato’s Atlantis. In fact he designates not just the Algarve and the submerged area in front of it as Atlantis, but the whole of that south-west Iberian region, starting immediately outside the straits of Gibraltar. The first half of it is the Costa da Luz in Spain.* I note that Greg Little has written a positive review of Daughtrey’s book.(f)*
Daughtrey recently elaborated that his “position for the great plain that Plato referred to is now the seabed front of southern Portugal and southern Andalucia as far Gibraltar. I think it would also have extended onto the submerged area of northern Morroco and onto the existing mainland .There would only have been a much extended narrow straits from Gibraltar dividing it for a good length.”
More specifically he identifies the town of Silves, just west of Faro, as the Silver City in the title.
In order to compile Atlantipedia I have had to read many books supporting a wide range of theories. I can say that Daughtrey’s offering would be in my top dozen Atlantis titles, along with those of Jim Allen, Andrew Collins, Anton Mifsud, Otto Muck and Jürgen Spanuth. They have all made valuable contributions to Atlantology even though I do not accept all their conclusions.
Neverthe less, without going into a string of nitpicking comments, I would prefer to clearly state where I believe Daughtrey is fundamentally wrong. Which is in accepting Plato’s (or should that be Solon’s) 9,000 years literally. He is not the first to take this approach as the consequence is that either Atlantis attacked an Athens (and Egypt) that did not even exist as organised societies at the time or the science of archaeology as we know it must be abandoned. It is interesting that when it suits him, Daughtrey is prepared to revise Plato’s dimensions for the Plain of Atlantis. I prefer to reinterpret all of Plato’s numbers, which I believe are seriously flawed.
In spite of the above, this book is a valuable addition to any Atlantis library.
September 2014 saw the History Channel preparing to broadcast a documentary on Atlantis in the Algarve that includes extensive interviews with Daughtery(b). However, following airing of the program he seemed rather disappointed(c) that many of what he considered his most important arguments had been omitted from the final cut and that the producers were more interested in extraterrestrials.
Daughtrey’s book is supported by a website(e) that includes updates and additional articles.
Peter Tompkins (1919-2007) was an American journalist, WWII spy and perhaps best known as the author of the 1971 book, Secrets of the Great Pyramid which included an extensive appendix by Livio Catullo Stecchini on the relationship of Ancient Measures to the Great Pyramid.
Tompkins also wrote Mysteries of the Mexican Pyramids as well as over a score of other books on various ‘fringe’ subjects as well as his wartime exploits. He was interested in the mystery of Atlantis and to that end he went to the Bahamas to study the ‘Bimini Road’ but concluded that it was only beach rock.
Tompkins wrote the foreword to the English translation of Otto Muck’s book, The Secret of Atlantis and was impressed by Muck’s hypothesis of Atlantis in the Atlantic being destroyed by an asteroid and considered the work of Cesare Emiliani important in support of this contention.
Gerd von Hassler (1928-1989) was a German author of radio plays for children, who also had an interest in music and ancient history. In 1976 he published Noahs Weg zum Amazonas (Noah’s way to the Amazon), which was translated into English by Martin Ebon and republished as Lost Survivors of the Deluge. In it he links the biblical deluge with the destruction of Atlantis. He also identifies Sumerian flood of Gilgamesh with that of Noah. In fact he suggests that Gilgamesh voyaged from Lixus to South America . However, overall he seems happy to follow the ideas of Otto Muck who placed Atlantis in the Atlantic and destroyed by an asteroid impact. Von Hassler further identifies Atlantis with the Garden of Eden. His idea that Noah sailed the Atlantic is to say the least wildly speculative, but no doubt broadly welcomed by the Mormons.
Dale Drinnon (1956- ) is from Kokomo, Indiana, made famous by the Beach Boys. He studied anthropology at IUPUI, but has a wide range of interests including geology, zoology and mythology which are reflected in his inveterate blogging. Inevitably he was attracted to the Atlantis story and wrote a book on the subject, but never had it published. Undaunted, he began Dale’s Atlantis Files(a) which includes most of the material in his book. He echoes the work of Otto Muck and places Plato’s island in the vicinity of the Azores.
Another of Drinnon’s passions is cryptozoology which he deals with regularly in a fully illustrated blog(b). Another of his blogs relating to anthropology which has a number of posts related to the Atlantis mystery and well worth studying.
Drinnon has recently added additional material to his website supporting his Atlantic location for Atlantis(d-g).
*As of August 26th 2018 Dale’s extensive website seems to be permanently offline.*
(a) http://tech.groups.yahoo.com/group/dalesatlantisfiles/messages/1?l=1 (No access August 2017)
*(c) http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/search?q=atlantipedia (Link broken July 2018)
(d) http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/ (Link broken July 2018)*
(e) http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/02/surveys-of-atlantis.html (link broken July 2018) ^See: https://web.archive.org/web/20170429141626/http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/02/surveys-of-atlantis.html
(f) http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/08/survey-of-atlantis-2-complete-gente-and.html (link broken July 2018) ^See: https://web.archive.org/web/20120716071805/http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/08/survey-of-atlantis-2-complete-gente-and.html
(g) http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/08/surveys-of-atlantis-part-3.html (link broken July 2018) ^See: https://web.archive.org/web/20120716071340/http://frontiers-of-anthropology.blogspot.com/2011/08/surveys-of-atlantis-part-3.html
Gernot Spielvogel is a German marine geologist who has studied the Atlantis question for over 15 years and has concluded that it had been located in or near the Azores. He attributes the destruction of Atlantis to an encounter with a comet which split into seven pieces, some of which landed in the Alps and Vietnam as well as the Azores region.
He claims to have fragments of the impactor as well as artefacts to support his theory on display in the Atlantis-Institut in Überlingen on Lake Constance.*Unfortunately, the Institute closed following the death of Tollmann. However, it was revived under the name of forschungszentrum-atlantida (Atlantis Research Centre)(b). Although the new entity still includes Atlantis research among its activities, it has expanded into other areas, including Climate Research, Enlightenment and Archaic Medicine among others. The latter seems to be managed by Regina Rohrmüller-Spielvogel who claims to have discovered the healing properties of precious stones and minerals. At this point I felt Atlantis slipping away!
In 2013, Gernot Spielvogel co-authored Sonnenbomben in which it is suggested that the Tunguska event was caused by a solar plasma ‘bomb’.
Heinrich Tischner was a German Protestant minister for 32 years. He has an extensive website which includes a paper on the possible existence of Atlantis(a). He reviews the theories of a couple of German atlantologists, Otto Muck (Azores), Jürgen Spanuth (Heligoland) and finds flaws in both theories. While Tischner apparently accepts the existence of Atlantis he is disinclined to offer a theory of his own.
Wolter Smit was born in Wanneperveen, Holland in 1945 and after a period of work in Switzerland, he now lives in France. He has worked as a freelance computer engineer, but currently concentrates on his research and writing.
He runs a website, in French and English(a) that investigates the Atlantis story, based on his book, Était – elle l’Atlantide? (Was this Atlantis?) , in which he generally supports Otto Muck’s theory that an asteroid impact in the Atlantic led to the destruction of Atlantis.
In 2011 Smit published an English translation of his book.
He develops the idea that this impact altered the earth’s axis and rate of rotation. Smit agrees with the date of 9792 BC for the destruction of Atlantis as proposed by Albert Slosman.
Smit has a valuable section, Population and Size, in which he calculates the size of the Atlantean army as 1,200,000.
Nevertheless, I feel that Smit undermines any claim to scientific objectivity by the introduction of the readings of Edgar Cayce into his dissertation. This is all the more inexplicable as Smit in his Foreword states that he does “not want to consider things about magic crystals” and then devotes so much of his book to the ramblings of Cayce who attributed a crystal power source to the Atlanteans.
Although there are a number of inaccuracies in Smit’s book, there are also some interesting sections that should be studied.